CLEAN VEHICLES DIRECTIVE
The Directive on the Promotion of Clean and Energy Efficient Road Transport Vehicles (2009/33/EC) [pdf] aims at a broad market introduction of clean and energy-efficient vehicles to improve the environmental performance of transport.
It requires that environmental impacts linked to the operation over the lifetime of vehicles are taken into account in public procurement purchase decisions. It defines common rules on how to monetise impacts and calculate the operational lifetime costs for energy consumption, CO2 emissions and pollutant emissions (NOx, NMHC, PM) of vehicles. The lifetime mileage is multiplied by the corresponding value of energy consumption or emissions per kilometre and by the respective cost per unit of energy or emission.
The Directive is expected to accelerate broad market introduction of clean and energy-efficient road transport. Increased sales will help reduce costs through economies of scale, resulting in progressive improvement in the energy and environmental performance of the whole vehicle fleet.
The Directive was adopted on 30 March 2009 and has been integrated into national legislation in all EU Member States.